Patriarchs Militant
Ritual of a Canton


Opening a Canton

At the opening of a Canton, the Captain stands in front of his post with arms folded and commands:
The Canton will be in order. Officers, Post.
The Lieutenant, Ensign and Chaplain will take post. The Lieutenant and Ensign will then advance to the center of the room, and from there proceed to the Captain’s post, halting two paces in front of the Captain. Both the Lieutenant and Ensign salute the Captain, holding the salute until acknowledged by the Captain, then stand at ‘attention’. The Captain will communicate to the Lieutenant and then to the Ensign the Countersign and Department Check. Both the Lieutenant and Ensign repeat the Countersign and Department Check to the Captain when received
The Lieutenant and Ensign will salute the Captain, holding the salute until acknowledged by the Captain; ‘aboutface’, and advance to their posts.
Lieutenant, Sir, Post the Guard and form the lines, after which you will parade and post the Colors.
Ensign, Ensign saluting Sir, Post the Guard.
Lieutenant acknowledges the salute after which the Ensign proceeds to a position three paces in front and center of where the guard will form, ‘draws sword’ coming to the carry and commands.
Guard Detail. Attention, Fall In.
The Guard Detail comes to ‘attention’ and ‘falls in’, three paces in front of the Ensign, in the following order, front to rear of line. Banner/Color Bearer, Guard, Sentinel and Picket, all facing the same direction with their left shoulders to the Ensign.
Left—Face; Right—Dress.
Ensign will verify alignment by going to the right of the Detail [by the shortest route] ‘about face’, facing down the line; caution those who are not properly aligned to step forward or backward, as the case may be; satisfied, faces to front, takes one step forward, ‘left faces ‘ and commands.
The Ensign then takes post in the front and center of the Guard Detail by marching forward to the center of the line and halts, ‘right faces’ and advances two paces forward, ‘about faces’ and commands.
Draw, Swords.
Ensign proceeds to within two paces in front of the Banner/Color Bearer and commands:
Ensign: Give Entersign, Test, Countersign and Department
The Detail will in turn execute the Entersign and communicate the Test, Countersign and Department Check whereupon the Ensign will respond "correct" if satisfied with the execution of the command The Banner/Color Bearer will return to the ‘carry swords’, ‘about face’, take two steps, ‘about face’ and step up into line. The Ensign will then proceed to examine the remainder of the detail in similar manner, using ‘right step’ to move in front of the next member of the detail in line, then returns to front and center of detail, and commands:
Count, Twos; — Twos Right, March.
The Guard Detail is marched by appropriate commands to the post of the Sentinel, when the Ensign commands.
Halt. Sentinel and Picket, Post.
The Sentinel and Picket will wheel and proceed to the inner door, ‘about face’, facing the Ensign and ‘present swords’, the Ensign acknowledges the salute, after which all come to a ‘carry swords’. The Picket will retire to the anteroom and assume post at the outer door while the Sentinel will close the inner door.
Ensign will give such further commands as necessary to the remaining detail, marching them to a vertical line with the post of the Guard, commanding.
Guard, Halt.
Ensign and Banner/Color Bearer proceed to the center, the Ensign stopping on a vertical line in front of the Captain, the Banner/Color Bearer proceeding to a vertical line in front of the post of the Banner/Color Bearer, when the Ensign, commands.
Banner/Color Bearer, Halt.
The Ensign will ‘right face’ and direct the Color Detail to post by giving the following command:
Color Detail, Post.
The Color Detail will ‘right face’ and proceed to their post, ‘about face’ and ‘present swords’, which is acknowledged by the Ensign, after which all return to the ‘carry swords’.
The Ensign will proceed to a position in front of his post, glance at the detail and ‘return swords’ the detail will ‘return swords’ likewise, without command and may be seated. The Ensign salutes the Lieutenant and reports.
Lieutenant, Sir, the Guard is posted.
The Lieutenant will acknowledge the salute, ‘draw swords’ and then proceed to the center of the hall, ‘about face’ and commands:
Lieutenant: Chevaliers,
Attention; Fall In.
The Canton will be formed the length of the hall. At the command ‘Chevaliers, Attention’ the Ensign will proceed to the Lieutenant, stopping at the Lieutenant ‘s right shoulder, ‘right faces’ to end facing in the same direction as the Lieutenant. The Ensign then takes three paces forward, ‘left faces’ and marches one half the length of the line to be formed and ‘about faces’.
At the command, ‘Fall In’, the Chevaliers fall in facing the Ensign.
The Clerk will fall in on the end of the line. If the Color Detail is to be in line, the Banner/Color Bearer and Guard will fall in behind the Clerk on the end of the line in the order named.
Left Face; Right Dress.
Lieutenant proceeds by the shortest route to the right of line verifies the alignment, [making the necessary adjustments] ‘right faces’ takes one step forward, ‘left faces’ and commands.
The Lieutenant will take a position in the front and center of the Canton, by marching forward to the center of the Canton, ‘right faces takes two steps, ‘halts’, ‘about faces’ and commands:
Count, Sixes.
Draw, Swords; — ** — — Support, Swords; Attention to Roll Call. Clerk, Call the Roll.
Clerk will ‘return sword’, advance two paces, ‘right face’ and calls the Roll.
With twenty or more members on the roll, the Roll Call may be omitted. The Clerk will keep record of those present without a formal roll call.
As each member’s name is called, the member will respond "Here", come to a ‘carry swords’ and then to the ‘order swords’.
Sir, Saluting, all Officers and Chevaliers are present or accounted for.
Sir, to your Post. The Lieutenant will acknowledge the Clerk’s ‘salute’.
Clerk will return to original position in line by doing a ‘right face’ take three steps, ‘about face’, take one step into line, ‘draw swords’ and come to a ‘carry swords’.
Carry, Swords.
Flag Ceremony

The Flag Ceremony is optional and may be omitted, but if omitted, the National Colors should be posted prior to the start of the Cantonment.
Ensign, Ensign will salute, holding the Salute until having received the Order, Sir, Parade and Post the Colors Lieutenant will acknowledge the Ensign’s salute.
The Ensign proceeds to a position three paces in front and center of where the Color Detail will form, [the position where the Guard Detail was formed] ‘draws sword’ coming to the carry and commands.
Color Detail, Attention, Fall In
The Color Detail comes to ‘attention’ and falls in’, three paces in front of the Ensign, in the following order, front to rear of line: Guard then Banner/Color Bearer(s), all facing the same direction with their left shoulder to the Ensign. The Ensign will then command.
Left—Face; Right—Dress.
The Ensign will verify alignment as in posting the Guard The Ensign will then march the Color Detail to the anteroom by appropriate commands. The Color Detail will re-enter just within the inner door, Banner/Color Bearer with the Flag [at drape] Guard on the left and the Ensign on the right. When the doorway is too narrow for the Color Detail to enter information, the Banner/Color Bearer shall enter first, the Guard will enter second and step up on the left of the Banner/Color Bearer and the Ensign will enter last and step up on the right of the Banner/color Bearer.
When in position the Banner/Color Bearer will undrape the Colors.
Ensign by proper commands will march the Color Detail, from the inner door to the Ensign’s post, then up the central part of the hall, passing in front of the Canton. As the Colors turn the foot of the hall, [which means: the Detail has moved forward from the door into the room and has a direct line to the center of the hall in front of the Ensign’s post], the Lieutenant commands:
Chevaliers, Attention! meaning Chevaliers seated. Present, Swords. The Canton in line ‘saluting the Colors’ passing by, Chevaliers on the side will render a ‘hand salute ‘at the command ‘Present, Swords’.
Ensign halts the Color Detail six paces from the Color Receptacle, and commands.
Present, Swords; Post, Colors; Carry, Swords.
Detail will maneuver per instructions for presenting Colors.
Lieutenant, after the Ensign gives the command ‘Carry Swords’ to the Color Detail, the
Lieutenant shall continue with the following command: Two; Chevaliers, Rest! meaning Chevaliers previously seated; Carry, Swords.
When Colors have been posted the Ensign will dismiss the Color Detail. The Ensign will step in front of the Color Detail to dismiss or the Color Detail may be marched to the position where it was formed and dismissed.After dismissal of the Color Detail will assume their former post or positions in line and the Ensign will assume a position as Right Guide of the Canton.
The Lieutenant and Ensign may be giving commands at the same time, but to different units on the floor or Parade Field.
Lieutenant, (Ensign saluting) Sir, the Colors have been posted. (The Lieutenant will acknowledge the salute.)
The Lieutenant will then move the Canton, if necessary, by a ‘Left Step’, until the Ensign is on a line about six paces from the Captain. According to width of hall and number of Chevaliers in line, the Lieutenant will then form a ‘Canton Right’ or a ‘Column of Platoons’.
Canton (or Platoons), Right, March.
After the movement is completed, the Lieutenant will proceed by a direct line to the right of the Canton. In line, the Lieutenant facing down the line will verify alignment, [if Platoons are formed, will verify the alignment of each Platoon] ‘Right Face’, take one step forward, ‘Left Face’ and command.
The Lieutenant will then take a position three paces in front and center of and facing the command.
Present, Swords.
Lieutenant will ‘about face’ and report:
Sir, Lieutenant saluting, the Picket, Sentinel, Guard and Banner/Color Bearer are at their posts, the Colors have been unfurled and the lines are formed.
The Captain will acknowledge the salute of the Lieutenant and command:
Examine the Canton and prepare for inspection.
The Lieutenant will come to a ‘carry swords’ and ‘about face’, in order to speak to the Canton:
Carry Swords; Open Ranks, March. Front.
At the command ‘Front’, the Ensign will advance on a line with the right file in the front rank, when the Canton is in line.
If in Column of Platoons, Lieutenant will verify and give ‘Front’ to the First Platoon; Ensign will check and command ‘Front’ to the Second Platoon.
Ensign, the Ensign will salute, Sir, you will ascertain if the Chevaliers in the Rear Rank (or Second Platoon) are in possession of the Entersign, Test, Countersign, and Department Check, the Lieutenant will acknowledge the Ensign ‘s salute.
Lieutenant takes a direct route to a position two paces in front of the right file in the front rank. Ensign takes a like position in the rear rank [or front rank of the second Platoon] and both Officers facing their respective files.
Give Entersign, Test, Countersign and Department Check—Advance.
The Chevaliers facing the Officers will execute the Entersign and communicate the Test, Countersign and Department Check in a whisper to the Officers respectively. The Ensign does not repeat the command given by the Lieutenant. The Officers will say "correct" upon being satisfied, when the Chevaliers will come to a carry swords’, ‘about face’, march two paces, ‘about face’, advance and resume position in line. Each Officer with sword at a ‘carry’ will ‘right face’ take two short steps, and ‘left face’, to the front of the next Chevalier in line, proving each member in a like manner without repeating orders. The Ensign will examine those on the right side of the room and the Lieutenant will examine those on the left side of the room. As soon as either Officer completes the examination of their rank [or Platoon] and the designated sideline, the officer will take Position two Paces in front of the front rank; the Lieutenant on the right, the Ensign on the left.
In Column of Platoons, the Officers will assume their positions in front and center of their Platoons. When the last Officer has completed the examination and has taken the designated position the Ensign will address the Lieutenant.
Lieutenant, whereupon that Officer will face the Ensign, who salutes, Sir, all are correct in the Rear Rank (or Second Platoon). Lieutenant acknowledges the salute.
Lieutenant and Ensign then face the Captain, and both saluting, the Lieutenant reports.
Sir, all Chevaliers are in possession of the Entersign, Test, Countersign and Department Check. The Captain acknowledges the salute.
Captain, addressing the Officers:
Officers you will accompany me in the inspection.
The Lieutenant ‘about faces’, facing the canton and gives the order:
Inspection, Swords.
The Captain approaches the Lieutenant who renders an ‘Officer’s Salute’. The Captain then proceeds to the Ensign, who upon approach of the Captain, renders an ‘Officer’s Salute’ as the Captain passes, as the Captain moves in the rear of these Officers, they will ‘Return Swords’ and accompany the Captain. Lieutenant and Ensign on the right of the Captain, space permitting; the Ensign or both Officers following as space permits.
If in Column of Platoons, only the commander of the Platoon being inspected will accompany the Captain or other inspecting Officer.
The Chevaliers are at a ‘Carry Swords’ and as the Captain and Officers approach the right of the line, the first Chevalier comes to a ‘Present Swords’, turns the sword to show the opposite side of the blade, turns the wrist back, and after the inspecting Officers have passed resumes the ‘Carry Swords’. [The Officers do not respond to the ‘salute’ during inspection.] Each Chevalier executes the above described movements as the Captain approaches and passes, so that when the inspection is over the Canton is at a ‘Carry Swords’. The Officers pass in front and rear of each line and make such examination of the Chevaliers and arms as the Captain deems sufficient.
Ensign will halt as right guide in the front rank or stand in front and center of the Second Platoon, Lieutenant in front and center of the Canton and the Captain returns to original position in front of the Captain ‘s post.
Ensign and Lieutenant will ‘draw swords’.
Close Ranks, March; Present, Swords. The Lieutenant ‘about faces’ and saluting Captain, reports. Sir, the Canton awaits orders.
The Captain will ‘draw swords’ and acknowledge the Lieutenant ‘s salute.
Sirs, to your Posts. Omit this command if in Column of Platoons.
Lieutenant and Ensign proceed to positions as right and left Guides and come to an officer’s salute.
Carry, Swords; Order, Swords; Chevaliers, Attention meaning Chevaliers seated; Un-Cover.
The Chaplain will offer Divine blessing. Where upon the Captain will ‘order swords’ and ‘un-cover’.
Heavenly Father, Great Commander of all men, we humbly ask Thy blessing and protection for the members of this Canton. Inspire them with the principles of Universal Justice, and with love for each other. Help us carry out the obligations we have assumed, that we may march onward in the path of righteousness, we ask it in Thy Holy Name. Amen.
The Chaplain, stationed at post, shall be unarmed, will remain at post during the opening ceremony. The Bible should be opened prior to the prayer.
In small Cantons the Chaplain may be in line with the open Bible on the pedestal at the Chaplain’s post.
Captain: (The Captain will re-cover and come to a ‘carry swords’, before giving any commands.)
Re-Cover; Chevaliers, Rest. Meaning Chevaliers previously seated Canton, Carry, Swords. The Captain may drill the Canton at this time using the ‘Annual Drill Schedule’ or any movements desired, concluding with the following commands:
Carry, Swords; Return, Swords; Fall Out.
The Chevaliers will execute a ‘hand salute’, which will be acknowledged by the Captain, ‘right face’, ‘right step’ — so as to step out of formation and proceed to their seats. The officers will take their posts and business will proceed.

Prologue to the Patriarchs Militant Degree

Abram: Dressed in robes as per Regular Patriarchs Militant Muster.
Lot: Dressed in Regulation Field Uniform.
Abram’s Guard: Dressed in Regulation Field Uniform.
Servant of Lot: Dressed in sheepskin, tights and sandals.
Squad of Assyrian Soldiers: Four or five dressed in uniform other than Patriarchs Militant, equipped with spears and shields.
Set of rocks placed at opposite ends of room to that of Abram’s tent. Twigs, red light for campfire at rocks. Soft clubs for squad of Assyrian soldiers. Two or three short pieces of rope. Two small parchment scrolls. Traveling kit, either small burlap covered box or knapsack.
Candidate should be just inside of meeting room door so he may see the action. Lot and servant should be with him. Squad of Assyrian soldiers should march in quietly from anteroom and take position out of sight behind rocks. Abram is writing on scroll. Abram‘s Guard, with drawn sword, is pacing back and forth in front of Abram‘s tent.
Abram, finishes writing on scroll and calls:
Guard! Guard runs over and salutes Abram.
Hasten thee in search of Lot, my brother’s son, and deliver unto him this order.
Guard receives scroll and starts searching for Lot, whom he finds with candidate. Guard salutes Lot and hands him scroll, then returns to former position in front of Abram’s tent.
Lot, unrolls scroll and reads silently, then addresses candidate:
Patriarch, duty calls me to the Oak of Mamre at once. In our country we accept our orders in the spirit of a true soldier in the knowledge that upon their prompt execution depends Harmony, Peace, and Concord. May we soon meet again as Chevaliers of the Shepherd’s Crook, the Sword, and the Crown. Fare thee well, Noble Patriarch.
Lot starts for the Oak of Mamre with servant at his side. As they near Abram ‘s tent, servant drops back. Lot approaches Guard and says:
You will inform Patriarch Abram that Lot awaits without.
Guard, salutes Lot and informs Abram:
Lot awaits without.
Abram, comes out of tent, arms extended:
Lot, son of my brother, welcome! Puts hand on Lot’s shoulders. Thy haste pleases me. Looks over Lot. Ah, how I grievest thou cannot tarry and comfort me, but rumors of uprising have reached our ears. It is the King’s desire to avoid discord and strife and to carry on the teachings of Friendship, Love and Truth. A message hath been prepared. Pulls scroll from robe. Two messengers hath gone forth and never a word as to their fate hath been forthcoming. Thou hath been chosen for this perilous mission in a last desperate effort to save needless bloodshed and bring peace to all peoples of the land. Gives Lot scroll. Deliver this safely into the hands of the Commander of our Army at the Fragon Rocks on the Assyrian border. Claps bands for Guard who brings forth the kit. This kit containeth food and comfort of which thou must partake as thou travel. Hasten thee now on thy way lest ye be too late and the battle rage. Farewell, Lot, son of my brother, and may the Lord be with thee.
Fare thee well, O Patriarch Abram, my uncle.
At the conclusion of conversation between Abram and Lot; Lot hands kit to servant and they start out. Lot looks back at Abram and Abram waves. Abram raises hand in benediction and retires to tent. Lot and servant walk about hall as on a long journey. They partake of food from the kit. Lights dim, representing nightfall, as they approach rocks. Lot and servant sit down near rocks to rest. Assyrian squad comes out of concealment behind rocks and engages Lot and servant, overcoming them, then ties them with ropes.
Soldiers gather twigs and start campfire in front of rocks. They gather about fire warming hands, finally lie down and go to sleep. Servant of Lot begins to move and slips ropes off himself He creeps over to Lot and tries to free him. One of soldiers moves and servant crawls off and conceals himself nearby. Awakening soldier sees the servant is missing and arouses camp. They make a short search, then pick up Lot and retire behind rocks, after extinguishing fire. After soldiers disappear, servant of Lot staggers toward Abram’s tent, and then observes and continues the ceremony outlined in the opening of the regular Patriarchs Militant Degree.
When Candidate is taken before Abram’s tent for examination, Assyrian soldiers with Lot as prisoner march quietly to anteroom to await battle, as outlined in second part of Patriarchs Militant Degree.
After the battle, a squad of Chevaliers should bring Assyrians in as prisoners at rear of column, and when column lines up before Abram, drive them from room.

Patriarchs Militant Degree
First Part

For the proper working of this Degree, two anterooms and a main hall are necessary. The inner anteroom may be arranged so as to represent a forest; one tree; to be given prominence, and upon which at the proper time shall be hung the proclamation of Patriarch Abram. The main hall may be divided by curtains or scenery; at its entrance there may be representations of trees, and inside a square, the scenery designed to represent the Plain of Mamre, near Hebron, with the tent of Abram beneath the Oak of Mamre. A past Captain, as Guide, is to be dressed as a shepherd or herdsman, carrying a shepherd’s crook; the candidate, in the outer anteroom, should be dressed in like manner. When everything is in readiness the door leading to the main hall from anteroom is left open and the candidate in charge of the Guide is stationed so that he may hear the cry of Lot’s servant and Abram‘s response. A Chevalier in Field uniform, or dressed similar to the Guide, and representing one of Lot ‘s tribe who escaped from Sodom, hurriedly enters the room or main hall, and proceeds to the tent of Patriarch Abram, before which he halts and exclaims:
Servant of Lot:
Abram! Abram! The Assyrians have defeated the Sodomites; taken prisoner and carried away into captivity Lot, thy brother’s son; despoiled him of his possessions, and left our habitations desolate! Help thou, Oh Abram, thy kinsman.
Abram, who had appeared at the door of his tent at the first call, says to Lot’s servant:
How know you this?
Servant of Lot:
I am a servant of Lot, and with him was carried away by the Assyrians. I made my escape and have hastened to your tent to inform you of the fate of your kinsman. The enemy, with the captives, is returning to its own country, this side of the Jordan.
The Lord will sustain us! I will at once enroll, and supply with weapons of war, my trained servants, and command them to go immediately in pursuit of the enemy, and recapture my brother’s son at all hazards. Go thou in peace!
The candidate is taken to the outer anteroom and Lot’s servant retires. Abram re-enters his tent, and after a short pause, comes forth with his proclamation.
Abram, to Guard:
Take this my proclamation and make haste to post it where all my trained servants may read and be advised of that which has befallen us. Haste!
The Guard proceeds to hang the proclamation upon the tree, located in the inner anteroom, the door of which leading to the main hall is left open so that the reading of the proclamation may be heard by all. The Guide, having satisfied himself that all is in readiness, will address the candidate as follows:
It is my duty to remind you that you are a member of the Patriarchal family, and to ask if you are still willing to perform all your obligations as an Odd Fellow of the Royal Purple Degree and a member of the household of the Patriarch Abram?
Candidate answers for himself:
If the answer is in the affirmative, the Guide leads the candidate through the door to the inner anteroom. Discovering the proclamation hung on the tree, they stop and the Guide explains:
What! A proclamation from the Patriarch Abram? Let us pause and read it. Reads aloud:
Lot, my brother’s son, has been taken prisoner by Chedorlaomer, King of Elam, and carried away into captivity. Now, therefore, I do command all my trained servants, born in my house, to report without delay at my tent, beneath the Oak of Mamre, near Hebron; there to be enrolled and supplied with weapons of war, and march at once in pursuit of the enemy; recapture my brother’s son at all hazards, and bring him back to his home; and fail not to bring also the spoils of victory.
The foregoing proclamation shall be of ancient design, and be issued by The Sovereign Grand Lodge as supplies. It shall be printed in red ink, in imitation of the blood of the boar, the type to be large and so made that the proclamation will appear to have been rudely lettered with a stick dipped in blood to make a mark on imitation of old hand-beaten paper (made by the ancients out of the inner bark of the papyrus, spread upon and beat into the porous mummy-cloth), or a dressed hide.)
Guide, having read the proclamation, says:
Is it not our duty to report at once at his tent?
Candidate answers:
Then let us go on.
As they turn to go toward the door leading into the main hall, which is open, the Lieutenant advances from his post in great haste.
Hail, Patriarchs! Our venerable Patriarch Abram is sore distressed. A terrible baffle has been fought in the vale of Siddim, in which the King of Elam and his associates were victorious. Thereupon, the victors took all of the goods of Sodom and Gomorra and all their victuals, and went their way; and took also Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, who dwelt in Sodom, and all of his goods and departed. And when Abram heard that his brother’s son was taken captive, he issued his proclamation for all his trained servants born in his own house (of which there are three hundred and eighteen in number) to report immediately at his tent beneath the Oak of Mamre, near Hebron, in order that they may become duly enrolled, armed, and equipped to redress the wrong. You will, therefore, proceed to the Plain of Mamre, where you will find the army of Patriarch Abram securely entrenched, with picket lines thrown out, and Guards stationed at every point. The utmost precaution is everywhere taken to prevent the admission of enemies or spies within the lines, thence you must expect to be subjected to many inconveniences during your progress to the tent. I shall meet you again in camp and on the march; side by side we will render valiant service in the cause of our good Patriarch Abram. Farewell.
Lieutenant salutes and retires to the anteroom.
Let us hasten to the Oak of Mamre.
In haste the Guide with the candidate goes through the door into the main hail and are stopped by the Sentinel.
Sentinel, with sword at charge:
Halt! Who comes here?
A Patriarch of the household of Abram, on his way to the Oak of Mamre.
He can only pass by permission of my superior officer.
The officer of the Guard may be drilling a squad of Chevaliers in another part of the room.
Without withdrawing his sword, which is pointed at the heart of the candidate, the Sentinel will shout:
Officer of the Guard!
The Ensign with a squad of Chevaliers approaches, the Sentinel withdraws his sword, steps aside and salutes.
Ensign, this stranger is endeavoring to pass through our lines to reach the Oak of Mamre.
Who is he?
Guide, answering:
He is of the household of Abram.
Whence comes he?
From the flocks and herds committed to his care.
Has he the wilderness pass?
He has.
Ensign to candidate:
Give it to me.
Candidate, prompted by the Guide gives it:
Go on.
The pass is correct. You may pass through the lines under guard, upon the condition that you pledge your sacred word of honor that you are not an enemy or spy; and that you will not disclose anything that you may discover during your stay within our lines. Are you willing to bind yourself by such an obligation?
Candidate answers:
I am.
Then place yourself in the attitude in which you have assumed previous obligations in our Order and repeat after me. The Ensign will move the squadron so as to face ihe candidate, if not already in that position, and commands. Squad, with swords, Charge.
Chevaliers, Attention; meaning chevaliers seated.

I, (with your name in full,) do most solemnly declare, that I am a servant of the Patriarch Abram, and a member of the Patriarchal Order; and pledge my sacred word of honor, that I will never improperly reveal to anyone, anything I may learn within the lines of this, or any other canton of the Patriarchs Militant.
Chevaliers, Rest.
Ensign to squad:
Carry, Swords. To candidate: If you are what you claim to be, you have nothing to fear. I will escort you under strict guard to the Patriarchal tent. Facing the guard, commands: Threes, March; Guard, Halt. Places candidate between sets of threes, the Guide goes to his post; the Ensign commands. Forward, March; Column Right, March; Column, Right, March; Threes Left, March; Guard, Halt.
Patriarch Abram comes out of his tent just as the command Halt is given. Officer salutes.
Officer, who is this stranger you have allowed to pass through the lines and approach my tent? Do you not know that in our camp every precaution must be taken to admit no one who may be an enemy or a spy?
Noble Patriarch, he cannot be a stranger, for he says he is a servant of your household, and has come in obedience to your proclamation, to be enrolled in the Patriarchs Militant army.
Abram, addressing candidate:
Your purpose, if sincere, is commendable; but you cannot be enrolled under our banner until I am certain that you are neither an enemy nor a spy. I must first ascertain whether you are truly a trained servant of my household, and a member of the Patriarchal Order, and recently from the society of the Patriarchs.
Advance the Countersign.
Candidate gives the Countersign.

Advance the sign of the Degree of Friendship.
Candidate gives the sign.

Advance the sign of the Degree of Brotherly Love.
Candidate gives the sign.

Advance the sign of the Patriarchal Degree.
Candidate gives the sign.
If the candidate answers the foregoing correctly, other proofs in any Odd Fellow Lodge or Encampment Degrees are called for until the candidate fails or hesitates.
Now I know that you are an enemy and a spy. Officer of the Guard, why did you allow this man to pass through the lines without some pledge as to the truth of his statement?
Ensign: Noble Patriarch, I did require of him a solemn pledge that he was one of your trained servants and a member of the Patriarchal Order.
Abram, addressing the candidate:
Can it be possible that you are so base, so devoid of honor? Officer of the Guard, drive this man at once beyond the lines and inflict the punishment merited for his perfidy.
Threes Right; Column Right, March; Double Time, March.
The candidate, as a prisoner, is forced out on the double time, when they are met by the Lieutenant, who is returning from the anteroom.
Guard, Halt.
Lieutenant, addressing Ensign:
Sir, what means this outrage to my friend?
Lieutenant, this man cannot be your friend. He has come here as a Patriarch, and asked to be enrolled in our ranks; yet out of his own mouth he has been condemned. Our Noble Patriarch has ordered that he be immediately driven beyond the lines, there to receive merited punishment for his perfidy.
He is no enemy or spy. I know him well. I will proceed to the tent of our Noble Patriarch and intercede for him.
The Lieutenant proceeds to the tent and salutes Abram. The Officer of the Guard, with the prisoner awaits his return. Candidate should be faced towards Abram and Lieutenant.
Noble Patriarch, a deserving friend of mine presented himself before you desiring to be enrolled under our banner; he was not allowed to do so, but was driven beyond the lines in disgrace and is to receive punishment. I saw him, recognized his deplorable condition, and have hastened to your tent to plead for him. I pray you that he may be returned to your presence for further examination and his request to be enrolled in your army complied with.
Permit him to be enrolled under our banner? Impossible! We admit no enemy or spy within our ranks.
Noble Patriarch, he is neither an enemy nor spy, but a true and honest Patriarch. I have known him long and well. I first saw him sitting at the feet of age and experience, patiently learning that in the practice of Friendship, Love, and Truth would be found the best safeguards against the ills of life. At the "Stone Ezel", he devoutly studied the beauty of Friendship; next, he traveled from Jerusalem to Jericho on a mission of Humanity; afterwards, with those of the Priestly Order, he sought to inculcate the principles of Truth; in the Chief Patriarch’s tent he partook of refreshments; thence he went out to impress upon the different nations of the earth the important doctrine of toleration; pursuing his weary way past the four watches in the wilderness, determined to "go on", he reached the High Priest’s tent, and there, at last, I saw him a weary and worn pilgrim surrounded by the Patriarchs.
Can this be so? If it is true, he is neither an enemy nor a spy, but is worthy to be enrolled under our banner. Command the Officer of the Guard to return him to my presence, at once, that I may examine him further.
The Lieutenant proceeds to the Officer of the Guard, and placing himself by the side of the prisoner, says:
Officer of the Guard, it is the order of our Noble Patriarch Abram, that you immediately return this, my friend, to his presence.
And retaining position by the side of the candidate, accompanies him to the tent. The Officer of the Guard gives the commands to return to position before the tent of Abram.
Ensign, Lieutenant with prisoner is between first and second set of threes:
Column Right, March; Column Right, March; Column Right, March; Threes Left, March; Guard, Halt.
Ensign, advancing, saluting and addressing Abram:
Sir, in obedience to orders, I return the prisoner.
Ensign resumes position at the right of the line.
Stranger, the Lieutenant has spoken in your behalf; at his earnest entreaty, I am disposed to examine you further and ascertain whether you are what you profess to be. How did you first come into the society of the Patriarchs?
Lieutenant, answers for candidate:
I came through the wilderness over rough roads and dangerous ways, and passed the four watches lawfully.
Had you a word in mind to cheer you while upon that dismal journey?
I had such a word. Aye, it was my Countersign.
What was it?
Go on.
It was a good word. Your zeal and determination to reach my tent betokens how well you have lived up to the injunction so solemnly given you before you entered the wilderness. Addressing the Lieutenant: Lieutenant, I am satisfied that he is what he professes to be, and you will prepare to enroll your friend beneath our banner.
Lieutenant leaves the candidate and forms a line.
Chevaliers, Attention; Fall In; Left, Face; Right, Dress; Front; Draw, Swords; Count, Sixes.
The Chevaliers (except the Guard, with the Ensign, who stands fast) will fall in line where the Lieutenant designates, and are marched to a place behind Patriarch Abram.
Chevaliers, Attention: meaning Chevaliers seated.
Lieutenant to Squad:
With Swords, Charge.
Abram to candidate:
Are you willing to enter into a solemn and binding obligation with us? If you are, raise your right hand, and repeat after me:
I, (with your name in full,) in the presence of these witnesses, do solemnly promise, declare and avow, that I will never, in any manner whatever, communicate, or cause to be communicated, any of the Signs, Secrets, Mysteries, Rites, Written, or Unwritten Work of the Degree of Patriarchs Militant, to any person or persons whomsoever, unless he or they be legally entitled to receive the same from me; that I will promptly and cheerfully obey the commands of my superior officers in this or any other canton to which I may be attached; and will at all times render to them that respect which their official position entitles them to receive at my hands; that I will constantly use my best endeavors to promote harmony, peace, and concord within the ranks, always avoiding discord and strife. For the faithful performance of all these obligations, I pledge my sacred honor as a Patriarch of the Royal Purple Degree, as well as whatever military preferment I may receive through the medium of this Degree.
Lieutenant to Squad:
Carry, Swords; Chevaliers, Rest as to Chevaliers on side lines.
After the obligation the band plays if there be one, or a bugle is sounded or drums beaten, or there may be other music.
Officer of the Guard, the Patriarch having taken the obligation to become a soldier in my army, you will relieve him of that shepherd’s crook and garb. Lieutenant, you will see that he is properly equipped for service for the maintenance of our motto, Justitia Universalis.
Lieutenant, saluting Abram, commands:
Re- Turn, Swords; Fall Out.
Abram retires to his tent, the candidate takes off the dress he has been wearing and puts on a uniform. The candidate signs the roll and mingles with the other Chevaliers. Soon the Picket, coming to the inner door, will exclaim in a loud voice:
Chedorlaomer, King of Elam, with his armed host, is rapidly approaching!
To arms! To arms!
Chevaliers, Attention; Fall In; Left, Face; Right, Dress; Front; Draw, Swords; Count, Sixes.
The Picket will return to his post at the outer door. After the canton is formed in line, the candidate in the center with the Guide who has changed to uniform, a few marching movements may be made, and the canton brought up in line before Abram ‘s tent where the Lieutenant is standing. The Ensign commands:
Present, Swords; and turning to the Lieutenant, salutes: Sir, the Patriarchs Militant Army is now ready for marching orders.
While the Ensign is speaking, Abram appears and stands back of the Lieutenant.
Lieutenant, addressing Ensign:
Sir, To Your Post. Canton, Carry swords; Order, Swords; Parade, Rest. Lieutenant turns and salutes Abram. Noble Patriarch, we thy kinsmen and trained servants, in the promotion of the cause of Universal Justice, and in response to thy proclamation, offer ourselves to recapture Lot, thy brother’s son, and recover his goods of which he has been despoiled, and we humbly ask thy intercession with Almighty God to endow us with courage and strength to accomplish this purpose. Turning and facing canton: Attention; Canton, Kneel; Rest on Swords.
Abram, with hands uplifted:
May every good and honorable impulse impel you to deeds of valor; may the God of our Fathers shield and defend you against the evil designs of your enemies, and your days be prolonged to support the weak and powerless and to maintain their rights. Amen.
All respond:
Chevaliers, Rise; Attention: Carry, Swords.
Lieutenant, with this army you will immediately start in pursuit of the enemy, and may you soon return with Lot, my brother’s son, and the spoils of victory. Farewell.
A march may be played, and the Lieutenant maneuvers his men and marches them, with the candidate in center, out of the hall into the anteroom. As soon as the candidate enters the first anteroom, the lights are turned down so that only a dim outline of the persons can be seen, and they meet a band of the King of Chedorlaomer, dressed as those bands were in the time of Abram, and confront them in a sham battle; the candidate shows his bravery in the thickest of the fight, is victorious, recaptures Lot, and brings back the goods of which he has been despoiled, and thus demonstrates his bravery. The door between the anteroom and the main hall remains open. A din to represent the noise of battle is created until the scenery in the main hall has been changed.

Second Part
Scene in the main hall will be a representation of the plain before the city of Salem, the principal gate of the city at the far end of the hall; Abram at his tent; beyond the gate a throne for King Melchizedek concealed by the gate or curtain, drawn before it. The scene being changed, King Melchizedek unobserved, with his retinue, consisting of two or more Chevaliers, is seated upon the throne behind the curtain, or gate, the King’s Guard standing before the gate. The candidate having been given a bag with something in it to represent gold, silver, and precious stones, and articles to represent the spoils of victory, the Lieutenant with the army [the candidate and Lot, both in charge of the Guide, and in the center], return to the main hall, and are met by Abram about the center of the room. If there be Chevaliers enough to form two or more close ranks across the hall, it may be done.
Lieutenant, having entered the main hall, commands:
Column Left, March; Column Right, March; Column Left, March; Threes Left, March; Guard, Halt; Present, Swords; Carry, Swords.
Lieutenant will post himself on right of line and Ensign will take post on left of line.
Abram, facing his army:
Welcome, my trained servants! Tell me of the battle.
We have recaptured Lot, and brought these spoils of victory.
Candidate, being prompted, advances and lays down the spoils and bag.
Lot, my beloved, I rejoice in your safe rescue from the hands of those barbarous hordes. The captive is restored and happiness again reigns in our household. May those unrighteous despoilers of other’s possessions speedily meet the fate they richly merit!
Abram examines and admires the gold, silver, and precious stones the candidate brings.
Abram, addressing the candidate, says:
Thou art to be praised for thy chivalrous deeds.
Abram pauses a moment as if in meditation and then hands the spoils to the candidate.
We will offer these spoils of war as a tribute to King Meichizedek, King of Kings, and Priests.
Forward, March. And with Abram, Lot, candidate, and Guide in front the candidate carrying the spoils, advance toward the gate. When at the proper distance, the Lieutenant commands. Canton, Halt; Order, Swords.
Lieutenant, saluting the King’s Guard at the gate:
Father Abram with his trained servants desires an audience with King Melchizedek.
The King’s Guard salutes and opens the gate, or draws aside the curtain, and King Melchizedek is seen seated on his throne, surrounded by his retinue.
Chevaliers, Un-Cover.
King’s Guard, addressing Abram:
The King now awaits your pleasure.
Abram, with dignity and deliberation advances two or three paces, and says:
Oh, King of Kings, and Priests! We have come to offer thee the tribute of grateful hearts. Accept of these spoils which my trained servants and this brave Patriarch have wrested from our enemies, having vanquished them in battle, and bestow upon us thy blessing. Candidate, being prompted, advances in line with Abram and presents the spoils.
King, accepts a portion and says:
Blessed be Abram of the Most High God, possessor of Heaven and earth:
And blessed be the Most High God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hands.
Patriarch Abram, keep thou all but the One-tenth; and thou Patriarch … calling the candidate ‘s surname; when Abram will step back one or more paces, thus leaving the candidate standing at the front, alone, as a reward for thy chivalrous conduct, I will administer to you the obligation of a Chevalier of the Patriarchs Militant, which will require you to respond to the call of thy brother in sickness or distress, to shield and defend his character when unjustly assailed, to protect and respect the chastity of his home, and to be just and brave in maintaining the principles of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. You will, therefore, surrender to me your sword. Candidate hands his sword to the King. Kneel on your right knee, grasp the sword near its point with your right hand, palm down, place the point on your left breast over your heart, and repeat after me:
The Patriarchs Militant Obligation
Chevaliers, Attention; Un-Cover as to chevaliers seated.
I, (with your name in full,) in the presence of the Most High God, and these witnesses, do most solemnly promise and vow, that I will immediately, when notified, respond to the call of a Chevalier of this Degree who may be sick or in distress, and do for him, all that my previous obligations in this Order require of me to do, to the full extent of my power. I also promise that I will not listen to any accusation against the good name of a Chevalier of this Degree without endeavoring to vindicate him at the time, and so long as I may he justified in so doing. I furthermore promise and vow, that I will protect and respect the chastity of the home of a chevalier of this Degree. I will uphold and maintain the laws of the established government under which I live, of which its flag is the symbol, and the regulation badge of this Degree I will wear so long as I am a member thereof; and return it to this canton should I cease membership in the Patriarchs Militant. I will be ready to wield my sword in the cause of justice and right at all times, and may its point enter my heart should I prove false to this my chivalrous obligation.
Chevaliers, Re-Cover; Carry, Swords; With Swords, Charge. We are witnesses to your obligation.
Chevaliers, respond in unison:
We are witnesses to your obligation.
Lieutenant to Squad:
Carry, Swords; Chevaliers, Re-Cover; Rest. As to Chevaliers on side lines.
The canton having been previously divided into two platoons; the Lieutenant in command of the first platoon and the Ensign in command of the second platoon.
The Lieutenant, after giving the preparatory command to his platoon, will wait for the Ensign to give the preparatory command to his platoon, and the command of execution should be given by both officers as nearly simultaneously as possible. This instruction is to be observed in all the commands for platoon movements that follow.
First Platoon, Right, Face.
Second platoon, Left, Face.
First platoon, Column Left, March; First Platoon Halt; Left, Face; Right, Dress. Front. Order, Swords, Parade Rest.
Second Platoon, Column Left March; Second Platoon, Halt. Right Face; Front, Order, Swords; Parade, Rest.
In the foregoing the command "Halt" should be given by the Lieutenant, when the last Chevalier in his platoon has executed the Column Left, and the Ensign, when the last Chevalier in his platoon has executed the Column Right. In making the alignments, care must be taken to have the right file Chevalier of the first platoon exactly opposite the left file Chevalier of the second platoon. The Chevaliers will remain at Parade, Rest until the conclusion of the ceremony.
Patriarch, by authority in me vested, I do hereby create you a Chevalier of the Patriarchs Militant Army of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Strikes the candidate on the shoulder twice. Rise, Chevalier, and stand erect, a man among men, and, as the emblem of your military rank, receive this sword, which you will return to its scabbard. It is with pleasure I bestow upon you this regulation badge, which you have promised always to wear so long as you are a member of the Patriarchs Militant. The Crown is the symbol of rank; the Sword, of justice; the Shepherd’s Crook, of peace; and the three Links, the bond of our fraternity. May this decoration be to you a constant incentive to chivalric deeds.
The badge shall be of the following design. A regal crown, crossed crook and sword, and the Three Links, with the left link being filled with scarlet enamel, the center link with white and the right link with purple; this badge is copyrighted and sold as supplies by The Sovereign Grand Lodge.
I will now instruct you in the mysteries of the Degree of the Patriarchs Militant: In this Degree there is an Alarm at the outer door, Countersign, Signal at the inner door, Department Check, Entersign, Test, Sign of the Degree. Answer to the Sign of the Degree, Retiring Sign, and Answer to the Retiring Sign.
I will now communicate to you the Countersign.
While King instructs candidate(s) in the Unwritten Work a Chevalier may be designated to exemplify the signs.

Department Check. … These words are transmitted in a whisper.
Wishing to visit a canton, you will give the alarm at the outer door. The Picket will open the wicket and require of you the Countersign, which is given in full; if correct, he will admit you to the anteroom. You will then clothe yourself in the regulation Field or Full Dress uniform. You will advance at a ‘carry sword’ to the inner door, and give the Signal, to which the Sentinel will respond by giving the same Signal. The Sentinel will open the wicket and require from you your name, rank, name and number of the canton, and the name of the Department to which you are attached, and the Department Check.
If you are not in possession of the Department Check, or belong to a canton in another Department, you may be admitted on the order of the Captain on the satisfactory evidence of your membership.
The Sentinel reports to the Officer of the Guard, the Ensign, and on his order you may be admitted. The Sentinel will open the door, and stepping back will say: "Advance. Give the Entersign and Test." You will advance, give the Entersign and communicate to the Sentinel the Test, who, if satisfied, will respond "correct".
You will then come to "carry" while the Sentinel steps aside (and each saluting as you pass), you will advance at a "carry" to the center of the hall, face the Captain’s post and make the Sign of the Degree; he will acknowledge you as a Chevalier by giving the answer to the sign. You will then come to the position "carry", Right (or Left), Face, march to a seat, Re-Turn, Sword, and be seated. Should you wish to leave the canton before it is dismissed, you will arise, Draw, Sword, come to a "carry", advance to the center of the hall, and, when recognized by the Captain, give the Retiring Sign. He will dismiss you by giving the proper answer to the Retiring Sign. You will come to "carry" and retire.
Retiring. A Chevalier having made the Retiring Sign faces about and advances to the door; the Sentinel opens the door and steps aside, facing the line of march of the retiring Chevalier and comes to a "present ", the Chevalier retires, saluting with sword as he passes the Sentinel; the Sentinel comes to a "carry", closes the door and resumes post.
A member without a uniform may remain in a Canton during opening, or may enter after the Canton is open, in the same manner previously instructed, except the hand salute should be substituted for the Entersign as well as for the Sign of the Degree. Wishing to leave before the Canton is closed such a member should address the Captain with a hand salute and omit all sword movements while retiring.
You will always salute when addressed by, or when addressing, a superior in rank.
You will now receive the congratulations of your comrades.
Guide and candidate about face, and congratulations are extended
Lieutenant, addressing his platoon:
Chevaliers, Attention; Carry, Swords; Present, Swords.
Ensign, addressing his Platoon:
Chevaliers, Attention; Carry, Swords; Present, Swords.
The King and his attendants, together with Abram, Lot, Guide and the candidate, preceded by the King’s Herald (the trumpeter), will pass through the gates into the city. The Lieutenant will then take a position just in front of the center of the gates and taking command of the canton will command.
Carry, Swords; Platoons, Right by Threes, March; Platoons, Column Right, March.
The first platoon will execute a Column Right and the second platoon a Column Left; the command "March" must be timed so that the right three of the second platoon will exactly cover the right three of the first platoon. This movement will bring the canton into Column of Threes following the King’s retinue and under the command of the Lieutenant, it will be marched into the city [or if space will not permit to an appropriate part of the hall] where the canton will be dismissed.

Closing a Canton

Lieutenant that officer rises, faces the Captain and salutes, Sir, the hour has arrived to adjourn this Cantonment, you will form the lines. The Captain acknowledges the Lieutenant’s salute.
The Lieutenant, after concluding the salute, will proceed to the center of the hall, ‘about face’ ‘draws sword’ and commands.
Chevaliers, Attention. The Ensign will proceed as instructed in the opening ceremony for forming the lines. Fall In; Left, Face; Right, Dress; Front. Alignment to be verified as in the Opening Ceremony. Draw, Swords; Count, Sixes designate right and left of platoons; Canton, Right; (or Platoons, Right); March; Front. Present, Swords.
Lieutenant, facing and saluting the Captain: Sir, the lines are formed.
Lieutenant, Sir, pass the Canton in Review. The Captain acknowledges the salute of the Lieutenant and the Lieutenant resumes the ‘carry swords’.
The Lieutenant will ‘about face’ and continue.
Carry, Swords; Pass in Review. (Platoons) Right by Threes, March; Column Left, March; Eyes, Right; Front; Column Left, March; Column Left, March; Column Left, March; Threes Left, March; Canton, Halt; Right, Dress; Front. Present, Swords. Should it be more efficacious, the Canton may be marched once around the hall before giving the command eyes right.
Sir, addressing and saluting the Captain the Canton awaits orders.
If the Colors are not paraded, the Captain will proceed to the command: ‘Sir, you will publish orders.
Lieutenant, Sir, you will retire the Colors. The Captain will acknowledge the salute of the Lieutenant.
The Lieutenant will ‘about face’ and command.
Carry, Swords; Ensign, Sir; you will form a Detail and retire the Colors.
The Ensign will salute, upon being addressed holding the salute until having received the order and acknowledged by the Lieutenant. The Ensign will then about face and proceed to the position where the Color Detail was formed in the Opening Ceremony and give the same commands as previously used to .form the Detail. The Ensign will then proceed with the Color Detail to a position facing the Colors, [about six paces from Colors] and retire the Colors in accordance with the Flag Ceremony for the Patriarchs Militant.
The Ensign will [after the depositing of the Colors] march the Color Detail to the position where the Detail was formed and dismiss the command. The Ensign will then take a position as Right Guide and the Color Detail will fall in on the end of the line. The Lieutenant and Ensign will give necessary commands, at proper times, to insure that the Canton on duty, and Chevaliers in the audience, salute or render respect to the Colors. Those present [other than Canton in line] will stand at attention when commanded As the Colors are retired they will execute a ‘Hand Salute’ upon the command ‘Present Swords’.
Present, Swords; addressing the Captain, salutes and reports, Sir, the Colors are retired.
Sir, you will publish orders. The Captain will acknowledge the Lieutenant’s salute.
Lieutenant, addressing the Canton:
Carry, Swords. It is the orders of the Captain that this Canton be now dismissed until the next regular Cantonment, unless sooner assembled by special orders, and he desires to remind you that you are to remember your vows to promote harmony, peace and concord, avoiding discord and strife.
Present, Swords; addressing the Captain, salutes and reports; Sir, your orders have been published.
The Chaplain will invoke Divine Blessing after which you will relieve the guard and dismiss your command.
Carry, Swords; Order, Swords; Chevaliers, Attention meaning Chevaliers seated; Un-Cover.
Heavenly Father, as we come to the close of another meeting, realizing that Thou hast been with us in all our deliberations, we pray You would bless and keep us; help us to live that we may be able to promote Universal Justice to all mankind. These and all favors we ask in Thy Holy Name. Amen. The Chaplain will close the bible after the Prayer, unless in line.
The Lieutenant will re-cover and come to a ‘carry swords ‘prior to giving the following commands.
Re-cover; Carry, Swords.
Ensign, the Ensign will salute the Lieutenant, you will relieve the guard. The Lieutenant will acknowledge the Ensign’s salute.
Ensign will proceed behind the line to the left end of the line where the Banner/Color Bearer and Guard have fallen in, and by appropriate commands march them to a position near the Sentinel and Picket and command:
Halt; Sentinel and Picket, Fall In.
The Sentinel and Picket will ‘Present Swords’, ‘Carry Swords’; and fall in behind the Banner/Color Bearer and Guard forming a column of twos. The Ensign will march the Detail to a position at the rear of the hall [position where the Detail was formed in the opening ceremony] and command.
Twos Left, March; Guard, Halt; Return, Swords; Fall Out.
The Guard Detail will ‘hand salute’, ‘right face’, ‘right step’, and fall out.
The Ensign will return to a position, ‘via behind the line’, as Right Guide.
Lieutenant, the Ensign saluting the Lieutenant, Sir, the Guard has been relieved. The Lieutenant will acknowledge the Ensign ‘s salute.
Return, Swords; Dismissed.
The Chevaliers will execute a right hand salute, right face, right step and retire without further ceremony.