Patrons of Husbandry – Grangers
Fourth Degree - Home
Instructions on Degree Work
This degree symbolizes Winter and the good cheer of
the Farm Home.
Court Robes—Light blue Ceres, trimmed with
yellow; Pomona, white; Flora, pink. Appropriate headdress—Ceres, wheat heads;
fruit buds; and Flora, flowers. Each lady officer carries a bouquet of flowers.
A Harvest Feast Table, set with luscious fruits of
the farm and garden, the voluntary contributions of Husbandman and Matron.
The A.S. shall prepare:
1.: Sufficient badges on desk of M. for all
2.: A highly polished Agate on desk of M.
On the desk of the M. should be the badges of this
degree and an Agate for the M. to use in explaining the symbolism of his
The table should be spread with luscious fruits and
viands for the festivities—the voluntary contributions of the members.
The candidates in charge of the A.S. and L.A.S. are
now admitted and instructed by the various officers.
After the Obligation has been administered by the
M. occurs the formation of the Altar Circles, which, when properly performed,
constitute a most impressive feature, which the candidates can never forget.
The Obligation should be followed immediately by
singing one verse of the “Obligation Song”. During this singing S. comes
forward, takes staves from the A.S. and L.A.S. and assumes position slightly at
right of M.’s station (standing). Immediately at the conclusion of one verse
of the “Obligation Song,” the “Patrons’ Chain” is started. While first
verse is being sung, C., P. and F. come forward [no others] and join hands with
A.S., L.A.S., and candidates, to form complete altar circle, enclosing M. [C.
stands directly behind the M, P. takes hand of L.A.S., and F. the hand of A.S.]
Two candidates at end will complete circle by joining hands. After first verse
is finished, M. gives charge, “Here, Brothers and Sisters, around our altar,”
Second verse of “Patrons’ Chain” is then
during which the members advance from their seats and with joined hands form a
complete second circle around the first, standing thus [no marching] while M.
gives charge, “As we in form thus enclose you within a sacred circle,” etc.
Then O. calls down; members return quietly to their seats; S. presents staves to
A.S. and L.A.S. and passes to his station.
In arranging for the Fourth Degree circles at the
altar, it is very desirable to select a leader for starting the second circle,
in which the members are to participate, and have it clearly understood in
advance that no one is to start making the second circle until the leader gives
the cue; similarly, the return to seats will await the initiative of the leader.
In the event of a crowded hall it will probably be
wise to request in advance that only those in he front row of seats on each side
of the hall come forward to make the second circle, provided this number will be
sufficiently large to enclose completely the first circle. Confusion at this
point is inevitable unless this caution is observed.
CONTINUATION OF DEGREE
After candidates leave the altar they will be
conducted once around the hall and introduced to L., the work then following
according to the Manual, command of the M. the candidates are conducted to C.,
P. and F. for instruction in the lessons of the signs of the degrees. It is
recommended that a tableau be shown at this point,
presenting a winter scene, which should show the home of a prosperous farmer
enjoying with his family the fruits of the season’s labors.
Sufficient time should be allowed to permit the
members to view the tableau before Ceres begins to deliver her charge C., P. and
F. give their respective charges, and candidates are then conducted around the
hall to station of M., for instruction in the U.W. [Whenever the stage is used
for tableaux C., P. and F. will be stationed on time floor of the hall directly
in front of stage.
After the candidates have received instruction from
the M. in the U.W. and in the symbolism of this degree, and following the
Secretary’s charge they are invited to the feast.
THE HARVEST FEAST
As suggested in the Manual either one of two
methods may be adopted for illustrating this closing feature of the Fourth
If a table is to be placed in the hall, it should
be attractively prepared outside, in readiness for immediate presentation at the
point where M. invites to the feast. In such event at should be placed near the
center of the hall, with positions of M, O., L. and Chap. as indicated in the
If all can be seated at one time in the
the Master’s invitation to the feast may he followed by a march to dining-room—officers
first, led by A.S. and L.A.S., then candidates, visitors and members of the host
Grange. Officers will occupy same positions as already prescribed. When the
feast has ended [before any are permitted to leave] M. will rise and slowly and
impressively deliver the final lecture of the degree.
If least is to be given in the
dining-room after Grange is closed the Master should so announce. Same
instructions as to march, seating, closing lecture, etc, will then apply.
SCENE—A Farm Home in the Winter
M. calls to order and stands
during the opening ceremony; each officer, as he takes part, should stand while
speaking: The hour of labor has arrived and the work of
another day demands our attention. Let each repair to his or her allotted
station. Worthy Overseer, are all present correct?
Worthy Steward, you will ascertain
My assistants will make examination and report.
Worthy Master, we find all present correct.
M. will call the seated officers
to rise and they will remain standing until the close of the opening ceremony.
Worthy Steward, are the gates properly guarded
S. examines and finds G K at his
post: They are, Worthy Master
Worthy Steward, inform the Gate Keeper that we are preparing for work.
S. opens wide the I.G.: Brother Gate Keeper, the Worthy Master directs me to inform you that we
are preparing for work
G.K. closes the O.G.: I therefore close this Outer Gate in F. in H. and in C. and will guard it
Right, Worthy Gate Keeper. To Chaplain:
And now, Worthy Chaplain, as Laborers tinder the Great Master of the Universe,
let us bow in prayer. Calls up entire Grange.
Chap.: Almighty Father, Maker of Heaven and Earth, and Giver of all good, we
return our heartfelt thanks that we are permitted again to meet each other here
to work in this glorious cause. Endow us with prudence and wisdom in our
counsels as a body, that our work may be good and acceptable in Thy sight, and
that our labors may be blessed with a liberal harvest; and when we are called to
lay down our implements on earth, may we enter the Paradise not made with
hands, eternal in the heavens, and receive that welcome plaudit: “Well done,
good and faithful servants.”
We beseech Thee to bless the officers and members
of this Grange, and all connected with the Order, from the highest to the lowest
degree, and grant them prosperity. We ask all in Thy holy name.
Worthy Steward, please close the Inner Gate.
S. closes the I.G.: In F. in H and in C. I close this Inner Gate, and will guard it with F.
Patrons, in F. in H. in C. and with F. this Grange is now opened in ample form
in the Fourth Degree. Worthy Overseer, please proclaim it accordingly.
By command of the Worthy Master, I proclaim this Grange opened in ample form for
promoting the welfare of our country and of mankind, and for advancing the
interests, elevating the characters, and increasing the influence of all Patrons
of Husbandry, by properly transacting our business and by exemplifying our
principles in F. in H. in C. and with F.
As in previous degrees the
candidates should be in readiness in the anteroom in charge of the A.S. and
L.A.S. Alarm from the A.S.
Worthy Overseer, an alarm at the Gate.
See who approaches.
A.S.: Brothers and sisters, who have finished their labor in the harvest field,
and now seek advancement
Do you vouch for them?
A.S.: I do.
Steward opens the Inner Gate, the
line will march once around hall and halt at the station of the Worthy Steward. At the conclusion of song,
Steward advances and says: Brothers and Sisters, I welcome you on
your way. It is now the Fourth Degree, in the Grange, on the Farm, and in our
lives. The seasons of Preparation, Culture and Harvest have passed. It is in the
Home that we enjoy the fruits of our labors in the fields of the farm, and the
fields of life. In winter, the season of rest from active toil, we sit down with
our families, our friends and neighbors, and enjoy together the good things our
labors in the lower degrees have brought us. So also in old age we enjoy the
fruits of a well-spent life, surrounded by friends, and in a happy Home,
“Noted for FIDELITY.” You will now be conducted to the Worthy Overseer.
A.S.: Worthy Overseer, these brothers and sisters, who have served faithfully,
desire to become Husbandmen and Matrons.
Brothers and Sisters, your industry, zeal and efficiency have gained you the
approbation of your companions in our Order, and I rejoice at your advancement.
The position to which you have now arrived confers upon you great privileges,
and binds you in a closer tie of brotherhood. You will now apply in a higher
station the wisdom gained in the previous degrees. Faithful there, we expect
continued FIDELITY here. Is it your wish to proceed?
Candidates in unison: It is.
You will then give us a further pledge of honor to secrecy and fidelity as a
Patron, which will not interfere with your duty to God, to your country, or to
yourself. With this assurance will you give it?
Candidates in unison: We will.
Worthy Assistants, you will now conduct these brothers and sisters to the altar,
where they will register their pledge in the Fourth Degree of our Order.
During the singing the candidates
are led around the hall, reaching the altar at the close, where they are met by
Worthy Assistant, whom bring you to our altar?
A.S.: Brothers, true, worthy and well qualified.
Worthy Lady Assistant, whom bring you to our shrine?
L.A.S.: Sisters, who have gleaned in the field.
Have you a precedent for so doing?
L.A.S.: I have.
Will you give it?
L.A.S.: In Ruth, the Moabitess, who gleaned in the fields of Boaz.
When urged by Naomi to return to her kindred, how did she reply?
L.A.S.: “Entreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee:
for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy
people, shall be my people, and thy God,
my God: where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the Lord do so
to me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and me.”
Right, sister; let us trust that equally strong friendship may exist between us
all in our fraternity.
O. calls up and M. administers
Brothers and Sisters, I will now administer the Obligation. You will repeat
after me: “I hereby renew and confirm the obligations I have heretofore taken
in this Order and solemnly declare that I will never communicate the secrets
of this Order to anyone unless legally authorized to do so and that I will
to be a true and farihful Patron of Husbandry, perform the duties enjoined in
this Order and aid others in the performance of the same. I further promise to
uphold the Constitution of the United States and to obey the laws of the
Altar Circles and Songs.
During singing of first verse of
Patrons’ Chain, A.S., L.A.S., Ceres, Pomona and Flora join hands with the
candidates, making first circle around the M. and the altar, and M says: Here, Brothers and Sisters, around our altar, with hands united, we pledge
to you our friendship, and accept your pledge of fidelity in return.
During singing of second verse of
Patrons’ Chain outer circle is formed and M. will continue: As we in form thus enclose you within a sacred circle, so does this Grange
in the name of our noble and beneficent Order pledge to you a pure friendship,
enduring through life, to shield you from harm. And now, Brothers and Sisters,
loose hands, but let us ever hold fast and firm our obligations of FIDELITY. O.
Worthy Assistants, you will now conduct the
candidates to the Worthy Lecturer.
A.S.: Worthy Lecturer, our Worthy Master desires you to instruct the
Brothers and Sisters, to live in the country and enjoy all its pleasures, we
should love rural life. To love the country is to take interest in all that
belongs to it—its occupations, its sports, its culture, and its
improvement—to gather the flocks around us and feed them from our own
hands—to make the birds our friends, and call them all by their names—to
rove over the verdant fields with a higher pleasure than we should have in
carpeted halls of regal courts—to inhale the fresh air of the morning as if it
were the sweet breath of infancy—to brush the dew from the glittering fields,
as if our paths were strewn with diamonds—to perceive this glorious temple all
instinct with the presence of the Divinity, and to feel, amid all this, the
heart swelling with an adoration and a holy joy absolutely incapable of
utterance. This it is to love the country, and to make it not the home of the
body only, but of the soul. The teachings of our Order would make the farmer’s
home the brightest and happiest place on earth.
A.S.: Worthy Overseer, our brothers and sisters are on their way to receive
their reward, and desire counsel from you.
Brothers and Sisters, you are now about to receive your reward as faithful
Harvesters and Gleaners—a position reached by merit alone. As Husbandmen and
Matrons look with earnest solicitude upon children and their welfare; and
remember that they are to follow in our footsteps and occupy our positions. If
we desire to encourage them to love rural life, we must make its labors
cheerful. What a child sees makes the most lasting impression. We may tell them
of the pleasures and independence of the farmer’s life; but if their daily
intercourse with us shows it to be tedious, irksome, laborious, without any
recreation of body or mind, they will soon lose all interest in it and seek
enjoyment elsewhere. Therefore, strive to make your homes pleasing— make them
more and more attractive. Adorn your grounds with those natural attractions
which God has so profusely spread around us; and especially adorn the family
circle with the noble traits of a kind disposition—fill its atmosphere with
affection, and thus induce all to love and not to fear you; for love is the only
enduring power. Speaking the truth in love, you will impress your memory on
the mind of childhood in characters which floods cannot wash out, nor even the
slow-moving ages of eternity obliterate. Be careful, also, to engraft only such
truths as will be guide and teacher when your voice shall be silent on earth,
and you have passed to another and a better world.
A.S.: Worthy Master, our brothers and sisters are now ready to receive their
Brothers and Sisters, you have labored diligently, and I say unto you, “Well
done, good and faithful servants.” As Husbandmen and Matrons, the Assistant
Steward and Lady Assistant Steward will now decorate you with the regalia of
our Order, an emblem of Fidelity and Fraternity. Brothers and Sisters, wear it
with honor and dignity. You will now be instructed in the lessons of the signs
of the degrees. The first you will receive from Ceres.
Music—If candidates march.
Candidates will be marched once
around halt and halted before Graces, except that in case of a small or very
crowded hall Graces may give their charges while candidates remain in position
before station of M. Same rule obtains after charge of F.
Brothers and Sisters, my tribute is the seed corn. Have FAITH. Faith in the
spring of the year, and the springtime of life. Even as little children have
Faith in their parents, so should we have Faith in the Great Provider. We
prepare our fields and plant the seed, having Faith in its resurrection.
L.A.S.: Brothers and Sisters, give heed to further lessons from Pomona.
I need not prompt you to nurture HOPE. Hope is the heavenly light that gilds our
labors. Were we deprived of that source of consolation, life would indeed be
dreary. When you see the blossoms open in the early summer, Hope is there for
the luscious fruit. The labors of the Husbandman and Matron encourage Hope at
every turn. Let the fruit blossoms be to you an emblem of HOPE.
L.A.S.: By Flora you will be further taught.
F.: Let flowers be to you an emblem of CHARITY. In kind
words and deeds dispense. Charity, as freely as flowers do their perfume, and as
generously as they cover all God’s footstool. Beautify and adorn your homes
with flowers. The home that is thus made fragrant and cheerful is prepared to be
the abode of sweeter affections and more radiant virtues.
A.S.: We will now return to the Worthy Master.
Music—If candidates march.
M.: Let the Agate be to you an emblem of FIDELITY May
your principles of manhood and womanhood be as firmly impressed as the lasting
colors in the stone, and may our friendship be as firm as the stone itself. I
now give you the sign and salutation of this degree. Imparts same.
Brothers and Sisters, you are now Patrons of
Husbandry in the Fourth Degree of our honorable Order. The salutation of this
degree signifies that “A good Patron places Faith in God, nurtures Hope,
dispenses Charity, and is noted for Fidelity.”
I will also impart to you the signal and degree
words of this degree, annual word, voting sign, sign of recognition, grip,
Patrons’ test, and instruct you in the use of the gavel Imparts secret work, with proper exemplification of
The Worthy Secretary will now instruct you as to
your obligations to this Grange.
A.S..: Worthy Secretary, it is the wish of our Worthy
Master that these newly initiated Patrons of Husbandry shall be instructed by
you concerning their obligations to this Grange.
Secy.: Inasmuch as you are now members in the Fourth
Degree of this Grange, it is important that your obligations to the Order be
fully understood. One of the essential virtues in a good Patron is
punctuality—in attendance upon meetings, in response to parts assigned, and
in meeting financial requirements. In our fraternity there, is work for all
and those reap the most abundant harvest of Grange benefits who contribute
most liberally of their own strength, time and talent.
The members’ quarterly dues constitute the
financial lifeblood of the Order, and subordinate, Pomona, State and National
Granges are supported almost entirely by this small contribution from the
membership. Dues are payable in advance on or before the first meeting in the
quarter and should always be cheerfully and promptly met.
No member may receive the annual password whose
dues are not paid in full to December 31st of the previous year. Prompt advance
payment of dues by all members assures good financial standing by the Grange
and contributes very materially to its prosperity and growth.
A.S.: And now once more to our Worthy Master.
M.: Now, Brothers and Sisters, having merited and
received the approval of your companions, I cordially invite you to join us in
the enjoyment of the fruits of our labors in the preceding degrees.
The exercises at
the table may be opened with song and the positrons around the table will be as
follows: M. at the head, with Chap. at his left, L. at his right, and O. at the
opposite end. When all have taken positions M will say: Worthy
Chaplain, our harvest being ended, and the fruits thereof spread before us, it
is meet that we return thanks to the Great Creator for these blessings.
Chap.: Heavenly Father, who openest Thine hand to satisfy
the desires of every living thing, make us grateful for Thy present provision,
and may the strength it imparts be expended in Thy service and that of humanity.
Make the Feast cheerful with pleasant
conversation and songs. At the
close of the Feast, M., standing at his place at the table, will call to order
and deliver this closing Lecture of the Degree.
M.: Another season in the work of our Order has
passed. The lessons we have endeavored to inculcate are appropriate to all the
walks and seasons of life. In the morning or Springtime, as Laborers and Maids
in field and household, we are admonished to be diligent—persevering in our
researches for truth, and in a faithful discharge of the various duties that
devolve upon us. As Cultivators and Shepherdesses, we are impressed with maxims
that lead to habits of observation, industry and order in life’s Summertime.
As Harvesters and Gleaners, we learn to be joyous and thankful for the blessings
that, in each Autumn, reward our efforts to increase the store of comfort and
happiness vouchsafed to man. And when the ripened fruits and falling leaves of
Autumn give place to Winter, as Husbandmen and Matrons—Patrons of Husbandry,
indeed—we can enter into the enjoyment of that rest from physical labor which
gives us leisure for mental and social culture; and which, in our Order, brings
us into that circle where unbounded confidence prevails, and where the welfare
of each is bound up in the good of all. Let us treasure up the lessons we have
learned, both by successes and failures, plan wisely and hopefully for the
future, and strive to make our lives as harmoniously beautiful and bountiful as
are the works of Nature’s God.
Note—Inasmuch as the Harvest Feast and the
accompanying lecture constitute a beautiful climax to the degree, this portion
should be made as impressive as possible.
Worthy Overseer, are the labors of the day completed?
are, Worthy Master.
As there is no more work for us today, the Steward will see that the implements
are properly secured for the night.
All is secure, Worthy Master.
M., calls up: Brothers and Sisters: As we are again to separate, and mingle with the
world, let us not forget the precepts of our Order. Let us add dignity to labor,
and in our dealings with our fellowmen be honest, be Just, and fear not. We must
avoid intemperance in eating, drinking and language; also in work and
recreation, and whatever we do, strive to do well. Let us be quiet, peaceful
citizens, feeding the hungry, helping the fatherless and the widows, and keeping
ourselves unspotted from the world.
M.: Worthy Overseer, please proclaim the Grange closed.
O.: By command of the Worthy Master, I
proclaim this Grange duly closed until again lawfully opened, in F. in H. in C.
and with F.
So be it.
All repeat: So be it.
Chap.: May the Divine Master protect, guide and bless us all, now and evermore.
Worthy Steward, inform the Gate Keeper that the labors of the day are closed.
Worthy Gate Keeper, the Worthy Master directs me to inform you that the labors
of the day are closed.
Master closes Grange with one rap